01/01/2007 Issue 205 Past Issues
 

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Feature Article...

piramidsEgypt designates a 'decade of science'

The next decade (2007-2016) will be Egypt's decade of science and technology, President Mohammed Hosni Mubarak has declared, in a move that lends political support to the country's plans to expand its scientific and technological capabilities.

Speaking at the country's 2006 Science Day ceremony on 20 December, Mubarak called on the government to enhance cooperation with its international partners in fields such as genetic engineering, new and renewable energy, space science, information technology and pharmaceutical research.

He called for increased research appropriations in the new budget and acceleration in establishing the fund of sciences and technological development as an independent body.

And Mubarak promised the government will seek to improve the level of science education by updating educational curricula in mathematics and advanced science.

Hassan Abdel Aal Moawad, professor of microbial biotechnology at Cairo's National Research Center, welcomed the news, saying this provided political backing for initiatives that will, if supported financially and implemented properly, strengthen Egypt's scientific and technological capabilities in many fields, and could also influence the behaviour of neighbouring countries.

He told SciDev.Net, "Egypt's science initiatives will have impact not only on Egypt but also on Arab and Islamic countries as well as the African continent. It provides a model to follow, especially with 2007 proposed as the launching year for science in Africa." (see 'Ministers propose 2007 as 'year of science' in Africa')

According to Hany Mahfouz Helal, minister of higher education and scientific research, Egypt will start by implementing a plan for science cooperation signed with Germany on 11 December. The two countries will promote scientific cooperation in the fields of environment, natural resources, water, irrigation, renewable energies (wind-power and hydropower); industrial environmental protection and thermal power stations; waste management and food industries.

Earlier this month (16 December), a science partnership agreement was also signed with India to promote south-south knowledge transfer, expert exchange and joint training programmes and research projects.

Helal also announced a human capacity building initiative in science and technology, which will provide fellowships for Egyptian scientists to conduct research in international research centres. (View Source)



 
 
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History   History
 
History

History of Egypt...

 

History

History

The expulsion of the Hyksos, began during the late 17th Dynasty by Seqenenre II or by Kamose and completed by 18th Dynasty monarch Ahmose in 1522, was the start of a series of conquests that would bring Egypt peace and prosperity. The age of conquest had begun!

Even though Ahmose was the brother of his predecessor, Kamose, Manetho has placed him at the head of a new royal house: the 18th Dynasty.

In an effort to secure Egyptian borders against future invasions, Ahmose conquered a territory stretching from Syria-Palestine in the North, to the 2nd cataract in Nubia in the South. Within a few decennia, Egypt became the most powerful nation in the Ancient Near East.

Ahmose's aggresive policy against Asia and Nubia was followed by his successors, especially by Thutmosis I and Thutmosis III, who expanded the boundaries of the new empire as far as the 4th cataract to the south and as far as the Euphrates river near the modern-day Turkish border in the north.

The spoils brought home from the many successful military campaigns and the tributes owed by the many conquered states increased Egypt’s wealth and prosperity, which was translated in a tremendous building activity: new temples were built, older ones were restored or enlarged. Especially favoured were the god Amun and his great temple at Karnak, in the capital Thebes.

Egypt’s stability was briefly ruptured when the late 18th Dynasty king Amenhotep IV, also known as Akhenaten, changed the Egyptian religion and had most temples closed, favouring one new god, the solar-deity Aton. During this period of turmoil and upheaval, the so-called Amarna-revolution, Egypt lost a lot of it’s former influence in Asia and Nubia.

The first kings of the 19th Dynasty, Seti I and Ramesses II, set out to restore Egypt’s lost glory, reclaiming the lost territories abroad and continuing the formidable building activity started in the 18th Dynasty. Again, large parts of Asia were conquered, but the international situation had changed andHistory the Egyptians found themselves facing a new and powerful enemy: the Hittites.

The enmities between Egypt and the Hittites came to an end in the 21st year of Ramesses II’s year with a peace treaty between the two countries. The remainder of the 67-year long reign of Ramesses II would be peaceful and prosperous.

Ramesses II’s successors, however, were unable to follow in his footsteps. The 19th Dynasty gradually slipped away in dynastic disputes and chaos.

With the 20th Dynasty, Egypt’s half millennium of prosperity and relative stability would slowly draw to an end. Although Ramesses III was clearly a very capable ruler who had successfully repelled several foreign invasions and was able to restore the Egyptian influence in Syria-Palestine, his reign was also marked by corruption, social turmoil and a conspiracy against his life!

During the years following his death, Egypt’s unity and stability started falling apart: the Theban priests of Amun were becoming more and more the de facto rulers of Upper-Egypt, while Lower-Egypt was in the hands of the administration of the Pharaoh. Another powerful group in the Egyptian society were the military, especially the military who descended from former Libyan prisoners of war. They too claimed their part in the government and in Egyptian territory.

By the end of the 20th Dynasty, Egypt was again divided into many fractions and the New Kingdom came to an end.

 

 

 

 

 

History History
 
 
 
 
 

News...

 

Alshaya Egypt L.L.C opens the first Starbucks coffeehouse in Cairo

Starbucks Egyptian partners (baristas) celebrated the much anticipated opening with friends and family at a pre-opening event.

Located in Cairo's City Centre, Makram Ebeid Madinet Nasr, the store will complement Egypt's rich, historical coffee tradition and deliver a unique coffee experience by offering some of the world's finest Arabica coffees, roasted to perfection.

Mohamed Alshaya, CEO, Alshaya Egypt L.L.C said; 'We are proud to bring Starbucks Coffee to the African continent, which is of great symbolic importance to coffee lovers as the birthplace of coffee. For many years we have seen Egypt as a fast-moving market going from strength to strength. By introducing Starbucks Coffee to Egypt, we will contribute to, and be part of this growth.'

'Alshaya and Starbucks have forged a strong partnership over the past seven years while delivering the Starbucks Experience to customers in the Middle East through uncompromising quality, service and by building personal relationships with each of our customers. The opening demonstrates the continuation of this successful partnership' added Alshaya. (Read More...)

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
 
El Gouna, The Red Sea's Premier Leisure Destination
 
 
 
 
 

What's On...

 

KIMMO HAGMAN
EXTREME PHOTOGRAPHY

Underwater Photography Exhibition in Cafe del Mar - Hurghada, Red Sea

All Pictures taken recently in the Red Sea

Now Showing

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Opening Hours - 10:00am till late

Contact Numbers (Cafe del Mar): 010 0716 770 / 010 0716 771

If you would like to see more of Kimmo's pictures you can visite his website www.kimmohagman.com

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
 
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Parents & Kids...

Instruments that Kids can Make

Children love music as much as they enjoy making things. Why not join these two creative forces and make one or all of these fun and easy musical instruments to encourage play and creativity.

Tappin' the Tupperware

Remember that makeshift Tupperware drum set you had as a kid? Bring that same joy back to your own children by using simple items from around the house.

What you need:

  • Empty coffee and vegetable cans
  • Empty soda or vinegar bottles
  • Dry beans
  • Plastic containers

What you do:

  1. Empty coffee and vegetable cans make fun noises when tapped with a metal spoon and plastic containers are perfect for drums.
  2. Line up empty soda or vinegar bottles and blow across the top of each bottle to create your own flute.
  3. Toss some coins or dry beans into an empty tin can, cover with a washcloth secured by a rubber band, and shake for fun maracas.
  4. Gently tapping the sides of empty glass jars or bottles makes a pretty sound, but use caution with smaller children.
  5. Set up a music band, younger children with plastic containers and older ones with jars or bottles. Have a fun performance in your living room and cheer on the band!

Tambourine

What you need:

  • 2 paper plate
  • stapler or glue
  • hole punch
  • string
  • jingle bells
  • crayons

What you do:

  1. Decorate the back side of both paper plates first.
  2. Next, staple or glue the two paper plates together, facing each other.
  3. Using a hole punch, make holes around the plates and tie jingle bells to the holes with string.
  4. Shake or tap to play.

Note: Heavy duty paper or Styrofoam plates may be more durable for this craft.

Safety note: If using a stapler, an adult should attach the plates. When finished be sure to cover the staples with scotch tape.

Drum

What you need:

  • empty oatmeal container
  • yarn
  • pen
  • 2 pencils
  • 2 spools of thread
  • construction paper
  • crayons

What you do:

  1. Before beginning, you can decorate the oatmeal box with construction paper and/or crayons for a colorful effect. Felt works nicely as well since it adheres quickly.
  2. Place the cover on the container. Use a pen to make a hole in the center of the cover and in the center of the bottom of the container.
  3. Through these holes, pull and tie a piece of yarn long enough to hang from the child's neck to their waist.
  4. For the drumsticks, place the spools at the ends of the pencils, secure with glue if necessary. Beat to play.
 

Horn

What you need:

  • paper towel roll
  • waxed paper
  • rubber band
  • pen

What you do:

  1. Decorate the paper towel roll with construction paper or paint.
  2. Cover one end of the paper towel roll with waxed paper and secure it with a rubber band. Punch a row of holes along one side of the roll with the tip of a pen.
  3. To play, sing a tune into the open end of the horn.

Guitar

What you need:

  • empty shoe box
  • rubber bands
  • ruler or stick

What you do:

  1. Remove the cover from the box.
  2. Stretch the rubber bands around the box. Attach the ruler or stick to the back of the box on one end to act as the arm of the guitar.
  3. To play, strum or pluck the rubber bands.

Hand Bells

What you need:

  • 2 paper towel rolls
  • hole punch
  • 4 jingle bells
  • string or yarn

What you do:

  1. Punch a hole in each end of the paper towel rolls. Tie two jingle bells to each side of the rolls by running string or yarn through the holes and carefully tying off.
  2. Shake to play.

Chimes

What you need:

  • ruler or stick
  • washers
  • nail polish
  • string
  • mixing spoon

What you do:

  1. Hang the washers from the ruler or stick with pieces of string by wrapping the string around the ruler or stick and securing.
  2. Strike the washers with the mixing spoon to play.

Note: you can make this craft colorful by painting the washers first with different color nail polishes, such as red, gold, glittery, etc. Parents should supervise this part of the activity closely.

Have fun and let creativity and imagination run wild! Decorating these instruments is half the fun, so the more supplies you have on hand the better. When the children are finished constructing their instruments, be sure to take photographs to include in their memory books.

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
 
 
 

Recipe

 

German Egg Pancakes with Lemon

Preparation Time: 30 minutes or less
Cooking Time: 30 minutes or less
Serves: 6

Ingredients:

  • 2 cups water
  • 1 cup heavy cream
  • 10 eggs
  • 1/3 cup powdered skim milk
  • 3 1/4 cups flour (sifted)
  • 1 cup powdered sugar
  • 1 tbsp salt
  • 1/4 tsp baking powder
  • a pinch of nutmeg
  • 1 cup butter

For topping:

  • 1 bag of lemons
  • powdered sugar

Kitchen utensils required:

Big bowl, measuring stuff, mixer or whisk, several medium-large pans that are ok to put INSIDE the oven (cast-iron would be best, but many pot/pan sets have handles that are heat-resistant to a point). A baking dish of a decent size should work ok too.

Preheat your oven to 400 degrees. If you're using cookware that can't take that kind of heat, get it as hot as your pans can take...just adjust the cooking time accordingly.

Preparation:

  1. Get yourself a big bowl, and combine the water, heavy cream, and powdered milk. Beat this mixture until its smooth, then add the eggs (I'd recommend cracking them all into another container first, as picking the shells out of the white mixture you now have isn't very easy), the powdered sugar, flour, salt, baking powder, and nutmeg. Beat all of this until it is smooth.It's recommend a mixer for best results.
  2. Now take your med-large pan. Put 2 tbsp. of butter in the pan (you can pre-melt the whole batch of butter if you want, or melt it 2 tbsp. at a time in the pans) and, once melted, swirl it around the pan to coat it.Add approximately 1/2 a cup of the batter to the pan, and swirl that around as well. This should leave you with a relatively thin layer (1/4" or so) of batter in the bottom of the pan.
  3. If your oven is ready to go, pop it in there.
  4. Anyway, while this is going you should prepare your topping. Just halve all of your lemons, and juice them. If you don't have a juicer, squeeze them yourself. Alternatively, you could buy the juice. But it's better freshly squeezed. (But you can also find a lot of fruity syrups and toppings floating around the Internet if you don't like lemon!).
  5. Once your pancakes start to brown around the edges, and curl away from the sides of the pan, they're probably ready to come out. Make sure the middle isn't still soggy though, that sucks. GRAB A HOT MITT and pull these guys out. Make sure you remember to keep that hot mitt handy, because seeing a pan on the stovetop, you don't always think to have a hot mitt on. If you have something standing by to keep them warm, shove them in there (a toaster oven may do the trick) or if you're serving them up immediately, slap them on a plate.Add some lemon juice, I like a lot.
  6. Then sprinkle some powdered sugar on it to counter-act the sour lemon juice, and you have a gorgeous pancake: Just be careful not to add too much lemon if you don't like sour stuff.

 

 

 

 

 


 
 
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Body&Soul

 


For women from 18 to 98 years

Whatever your physic, weight or language

Biodanza

Easy and simple movements
to expressive and various music

Rediscover your energy and joy
Get better health, forget stress
Reinforce your self-confidence
Find the harmony in you
Meet new friends

Come and join us every Friday at 7 pm in a gym only for women close to Hotel La Perla

Courses are FREE, together we pay the rental cost!

For more information: Juliette Bemant 010 6859771
www.biodanza-egypt.com ::: info@biodanza-egypt.com

 

 

 

 

 

 

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