02/10/2006 Issue 193 Past Issues

Red Sea Newsletter

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Feature Article...

Shipwrecks from the Egyptian Red Sea
A new and very exciting book by Ned Middleton

For almost exactly 9 years Ned Middleton has been engaged in researching those shipwrecks found in the Egyptian Red Sea. It was never intended to take so long, but unlike elsewhere in the world, a great deal of inaccurate information has been (and continues to be!) published about Egypt’s shipwrecks. Along the way, therefore, Ned has had to study and scrutinise all available information in painstaking detail in order to provide the reader with the best possible assessment of each subject vessel. This included all the relevant accurate information in addition to all the enormous amounts of false information so that only that which is factually correct was included in the final work.

Salem ExpressDuring that process, Ned has uncovered new information which is of considerable interest to scuba divers and shipwreck enthusiasts alike. Furthermore, he has visited Egypt many, many times in order to check every single detail against the shipwreck itself and, of course, take all the necessary photographs. The net result is an almost definitive guide to what he regards as the most outstanding collection of shipwrecks found in any single country - anywhere in the world. “Shipwrecks from the Egyptian Red Sea” is finally published and will be available for sale in the UK from 8 October 2006. A German language version is also available in Germany.

There are a number of important factors which set this book apart from all other works; Firstly, as already described, accuracy of information. Secondly, the credentials of an author who has enjoyed over 30 years as a leading British scuba diver, underwater photographer and writer who is well known for his very “readable” style. As an example, one British television producer described the introductory chapter of Ned's previous book “Maltese Islands Diving Guide” (over 30,000 copies sold in the first 5 years!) as one of the best potted histories to any country he had ever read. Thirdly, this latest work is well supported by a number of previously unpublished historic photographs.

Finally, and possibly most important of all, Ned secured the services of Rico Oldfield - a marine artist of the highest calibre, to illustrate each of the main featured shipwrecks. In order to provide Rico with the necessary photographic information for each vessel, Ned returned to Egypt time after time just to photograph those major shipwrecks from stem to stern in black in white in order to produce an accurate montage of each vessel from which the final paintings were then made. That process alone took over 3 years to complete. Altogether, Rico has provided fully detailed and accurate paintings of 19 major shipwrecks, an additional dramatic painting of the Thistlegorm at the moment of attack, something for the book’s cover plus fully researched impressions of two ships as they were when afloat because no historic picture of either vessel is known to exist. This high calibre of artwork will take ordinary shipwreck guides onto a new and higher plane as all other publishers try and compete.

ThistlegormFollowing the author’s introduction, there are 19 chapters dedicated to individual shipwrecks - many of which have not appeared in any book before. Commencing with that painting of the wreck, the details then include; An historic picture of the original ship, technical information, fully detailed narrative and explanation of what caused the ship to become lost and, finally, a description of the vessel as she is today, underwater. These are followed by a large Appendix divided into 3 parts. Part 1 gives brief information about all those minor wrecks (tugboats and other small craft which were too small to be classified as “ships”). Part 2 is a list of approx. 250 ships names designed to removed much of the confusion that continues to surround Egypt’s underwater heritage. They include ships’ former names, names of vessels that cannot be dived (too deep, out-of-bounds, not yet discovered, etc), ships involved with vessels which were lost, ships lost elsewhere and wrongly associated with the Red Sea and, of course, all the misnomers which have appeared over time (Sarah H, Marcus, Carina and so forth). Part 3 is a list of 40 positions relating to vessels that are (or were at the time of writing) not yet discovered.

The book itself is hardback, measures 28 cm (wide) x 23 cm and contains approx. 62,000 words, 23 individual works of art, 34 historic photographs/pictures, 125 original colour pictures and 3 charts. Price in the UK is GBP £35. For those who are able to attend, signed copies will be available from the “Sport Diver” magazine stand at the Birmingham Dive show (14/15 October).



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History of Egypt... Ramses II


Ramses IIRamses II was the third king of the 19th dynasty, and the second son of Seti I and his Queen Tuya. Ramses' older brother predeceased him before adulthood. The most memorable of Ramses' wives was Nefertari. Earlier wives, among others, were Isisnofret and Maathorneferure, Princess of Hatti. The writer Terence Gray stated in 1923 that Ramses II had as many as 20 sons and 20 daughters; more recent scholars, however, believe his offspring were far fewer. His children include Bintanath and Meritamen (princesses and their father's wives), Sethnakhte, the Pharaoh Merneptah (who succeeded him - he is his 13th son), and Prince Khaemweset.

In his Year 2, Ramses II decisively defeated the Sherden sea pirates who were wreaking havoc along Egypt's Delta coasts by attacking cargo-ladden vessels travelling along the Mediterranean. The Sherden people came from the coast of Ionia or south-west Turkey. Ramses posted troops and ships at strategic points along the coast and patiently allowed the pirates to attack their prey before skillfully catching them by surprise in a sea battle and capturing them all in one fell swoop. Ramses would soon incorporate these skilled mercenaries into his army where they were to play a pivotal role at the battle of Kadesh. As king, Ramses II led several expeditions north into the lands east of the Mediterranean (the location of the modern Israel, Lebanon and Syria).

After some preparations, Ramses decided to attack territory in the Levant which belonged to a more substantial enemy: the Hittite Empire. At the Second Battle of Kadesh in May 1274 BC towards the end of the Fourth year of his reign, Egyptian forces under his leadership marched through the coastal road through Canaan and south Syria through the Bekaa Valley and approached Kadesh from the south. Ramses planned to seize the citadel of Kadesh which belonged to king Muwatallis, king of the Hittite Empire. The battle almost turned into a disaster as Ramses was initially tricked by 2 Bedouin spies in the pay of the Hittites to believe that Muwatallis and his massive army were still 120 miles north of Kadesh. Ramses II only learned of the true nature of his dire predicament when a subsequent pair of Hittite spies were captured, beaten and forced to reveal the truth before him:

Abu SimbelWhen they had been brought before pharaoh his majesty asked 'Who are you?' They replied 'We belong to the king of Hatti. He has sent us to spy on you.' Then his majesty said to them 'Where is he, the enemy from Hatti? I had heard that he was in the land of Khaleb, north of Tunip.' They replied to his majesty 'Lo, the king of Hatti has already arrived, together with the many countries who are supporting him...They are armed with their infantry and their chariots. They have their weapons of war at the ready. They are more numerous than the grains of sand on the beach. Behold, they stand equipped and ready for battle behind the old city of Kadesh.

Ramses had fallen into a well-laid trap by Muwatallis whose thousands of infantry and chariotry were hidden well behind the eastern bank of the Orontes river under the command of the king's brother, Hattusili III. The Egyptian army itself had been divided into two main forces – the Re and Amun brigades with Ramses and the Ptah and Seth brigades – separated from each other by forests and the far side of the Orontes river. The Re brigade was almost totally destroyed by the surprise initial Hittite chariot attack and Ramses II had barely enough time to rally his own Amun brigade and secure reinforcements from the Ptah Army Brigade (who were just arriving upon the scene of battle) to turn the tide of battle against the Hittites. While Ramses II had in theory 'won' the battle, Muwatallis had effectively won the war. Ramses was compelled to retreat south with the Hittite commander Hattusili III relentlessly harrying the Egyptian forces through the Bekaa Valley; the Egyptian province of Upi was also captured according to the Hittite records at Boghazkoy.

Ramses IIEgypt's sphere of influence was now restricted to Canaan while Syria fell into Hittite hands. Over the ensuing years, Rameses II would return to campaign against the Hittites and even achieved several spectacular victories (at a time of Hittite weakness due to a dispute over Muwatallis' succession) to briefly capture the cities of Tunip, where no Egyptian soldier had been seen since the time of Thutmose III almost 120 years previously and even Kadesh in his 8th and 9th Years. However, neither power could decisively defeat the other in battle. Consequently, in the twenty-first year of his reign (1258 BC), Ramses decided to conclude an agreement with the new Hittite king at Kadesh, Hattusili III, to end the conflict. The ensuing document is the earliest known peace treaty in world history.

Ramses II also campaigned south of the first cataract into Nubia. He constructed many impressive monuments, including the renowned archeological complex of Abu Simbel, and the mortuary temple known as the Ramesseum. It is said that there are more statues of him in existence than of any other Egyptian pharaoh, not surprising as he was the second-longest-reigning Pharaoh of Egypt after Pepi II. A colossal statue of Ramses II was reconstructed and erected on Ramses Square in Cairo in 1955.

In August 2006, contractors moved the 3,200-year-old statue of him from Ramesess Square to save it from exhaust fumes that were causing the 83-ton statue to deteriorate. The statue was originally taken from a temple in Memphis. The new site will be located near the future Grand Museum of Egypt.

He was buried in the Valley of the Kings, in KV7, but his mummy was later moved to the mummy cache at Deir el-Bahri, where it was found in 1881. It was then placed in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo in 1885, where it remains as of 2006. Ramses' mummy featured a hooked nose, strong jaw and was of above average height for an ancient Egyptian, standing some five feet and seven inches tall. He suffered from arthritis in his joints, tooth cavities and poor circulation during the last years of his life. His successor was ultimately to be his thirteenth son Merneptah.









airBaltic to launch scheduled flights to Egypt

air BalticOn 30 September this year, Latvian airline airBaltic was launching scheduled flights to two of Egypt’s most popular resorts, Hurghada and Sharm el-Sheikh, in cooperation with tour operator Tez Tours. Flights to Hurghada will be opened on 30 September, while flights to Sharm el-Sheikh will start on 14 October.

We are delighted by our cooperation with Tez Tours, one of Latvia’s largest tour operators. With the opening of scheduled flights to two of Egypt’s resorts, passengers will be guaranteed the widest possible choice of holiday plans, buying a complete package from a tour operator or buying airBaltic tickets separately,” airBaltic president Bertolt Flick commented.

We are glad that this year, too, Tez Tours will be able to offer great flight possibilities to Egyptian resorts in cooperation with airBaltic. This year, passengers will also be able to fly in business class for the first time. We are delighted with our cooperation with airBaltic and its dynamic development. This year, in collaboration with airBaltic, we hope to carry more than 5000 travellers,” added Tez Tours’ director for the Baltic states, Konstantin Palgov. Tez Tours and airBaltic have been cooperating since 2005 on flights from Riga to the popular Turkish resort of Antalya.

This winter, the airline plans to operate a total of more than 50 flights to Hurghada and Sharm el-Sheikh. Flights on these routes will depart on Saturday mornings. Flights will be launched in September and will last until the end of next April. Flights will also offer a business class (available only to tourists who reserve a complete package in travel agencies).

Bus Transportation between Sharm El Sheikh and Cairo

El Gouna Transport now offers a daily transfer to Cairo with VIP and 1st Class services. Tickets can be booked in advance at the office situated in the Mall / Petrol Station opposite the Pyramid Hospital. The VIP service leaves Sharm at 10am, and the first class service leaves at 14.00, 17.00 and 23.30. The A/C coaches are clean with a toilet aboard. There is a complimentary snack and tea/coffee served on route, plus two films.

Highest award for SUBEX Red Sea with "Award of Excellence" from Minister of Tourism Egypt

Award of Excellence for SubexIn the range of United Nations launched program’s TOURISM ENRICHES (UNWTO) was on 27th of September worldwide the „World Tourism Day 2006“ celebrated. These important event within the tourism business gave reason that the Prime Minister of Egpyt, H.E. Dr. Ahmed Nazif, has invited chosen companies and personalities, the Crème de la Crème of tourism.

On the occasion of these event which took place on 27th of September 2006 in Cairo, 45 of same business were honourable awarded by his Excellence the Minister of Tourism Egypt, Zoheir Garranah, for a remarkable effort in promoting tourism to Egypt. With the tourism companies TRAFCO, Hotel Marriott and Salem Hussein as owner of the Jolie Ville MÖVENPICK hotels received SUBEX Diving Center El Quseir as well the honourable “Award of Excellenc”, which was hand over Johann Vifian, SUBEX CEO and Associate, personally. A grand recognition to his great engagement and realisation for conservation and protection of coral reefs as well as remarkable measures due to the increase of diving business on the Red Sea.






www.elgouna.com El Gouna, The Red Sea's Premier Leisure Destination

What's On... 14 Years Villa Kunterbunt


14 Jahre Villa Kunterbunt

14 Years



At Friday 13th October 8 p.m.

we proudly present:

Legends on tour

Phil Dexter is Elvis and The Blues Brothers


Please contact us for further information:
Tel. 0101232354







Ask Harry: Useful tips for Residents


Harry Krueger - The new SpotRedSea columnistHarry Krueger, German resident in Hurghada for more than 2 years already, and owner of Cafe del Mar, will give tips and tricks around the residential life in Egypt and especially Hurghada from now on in our SpotRedSea Newsletter.

If you have any questions concerning life in Egypt - ask Harry! (Send to: news@spotlocal.net)

Harry ist der Zeit im Urlaub.

Harry is currently on vacation.


Heaven Bistro
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  • Catering & Party menu

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Parents & Kids

Learning Letters, Numbers and Colors

Toddlers are eternally curious about the world around them - wanting to touch, play with and ask questions about everything they see. How can parents to channel this boundless inquisitiveness into learning? Of course, toddlers don't need to be subjected to structured learning at such a young age. But with a little mindfulness, you can teach your youngster how to begin to recognize letters, numbers and colors in the course of everyday play.

ABC"Kids often don't wash their hands long enough after potty, or playing, so we always sing the alphabet song while we 'wash.' My four-year-old nephew insists we 'sing while we wash' and even my 20-month-old imitates the alphabet song. You get clean hands and an alphabet lesson at the same time."

"Everything is a learning tool if you will only use it. With my son, when we play, we talk about the different colors and shapes of his toys and how many of them he has. We count and tell each other what color almost everything is. We read books, signs, and even what is written on the sides of his little cars. It's all a game and he is learning so much and having fun at the same time."

"Daily life seems to be the best learning tool for my four-year-old so far. For letter recognition, I use the names of his favorite things, as in T for Thomas the Train, F for Frankie, M for Mommy. That keeps his attention. During dinner I count out the peas or carrots on his plate. Later on I will go in to adding and taking away."

"One of my toddler daughter's favorite games is the 'Driveway Hop.' I color large chalk shapes, and have her hop from the 'blue star' to the 'yellow circle' to the 'green square' and then to 'something green', then to 'a triangle' and have her tell me the color."

123"To teach my three-year-old her colors and shapes, I use bath toys. We have foam bath toys in various shapes and colors. She just loves to play with them. Another great teaching tool I have found is her older sister. Now that she will be in first grade, she just loves to play school and teach little sister everything she knows. Sometimes I get to play too, but I usually have to be a student."

"I bought my daughter some flash cards that have colors and shapes, numbers and the alphabet. We make a game out of it and she loves it. When she gets tired or starts to get frustrated with it we stop. This makes it fun for her and she asks to do it everyday."

"I use playing cards to help teach numbers. Basic card games are great fun for little ones, and they begin to catch onto the numbers. They can count the suit shapes also. I buy the jumbo print cards so that it's easy to them to see those numbers."

"My two-year-old daughter enjoys puzzles, so we have a variety that highlight numbers, colors, etc. My favorites are the one with little pegs sticking out of the pieces so they are easy for little hands to lift. I've read that children learn primarily in one of three ways: visual (seeing), audio (hearing) and kinesthetic (touching and doing). Puzzles are one way of covering all the bases. A child can look at the pieces, hear you say the names of the colors or numbers or letters, and touch the pieces as she lifts them up and puts them back together."









Buttery Cinnamon Cake

  • 2 cups all-purpose flour
  • 1 tablespoon baking powder
  • 1 teaspoon ground cinnamon
  • 3/4 teaspoon salt
  • 2/3 cup shortening
  • 1 1/3 cups white sugar
  • 1 1/2 teaspoons vanilla extract
  • 3 eggs
  • 2/3 cup milk
  • 1/2 cup white sugar
  • 6 tablespoons butter
  • 1/3 cup water
  • 1 teaspoon vanilla extract
  • 3/4 teaspoon ground cinnamon
Buttery Cinnamon Cake
  1. Preheat oven to 350 degrees F (175 degrees C). Grease and lightly flour a 10 inch Bundt pan. Stir together the flour, baking powder, 1 teaspoon ground cinnamon and salt; set aside.
  2. In a large bowl, beat shortening, 1 1/3 cups white sugar and 1 1/2 teaspoon vanilla until light and fluffy. Add eggs one at a time, beating for at least 1 minute after each egg. Beat in the flour mixture alternately with the milk. Pour batter into prepared pan.
  3. Bake in the preheated oven for 40 to 45 minutes, or until a toothpick inserted into the center of the cake comes out clean. Let cool in pan for 10 minutes, then turn out onto a wire rack. Remove cake from pan while it is still warm, and poke holes around the top of the cake with a fork. Pour the warm cinnamon syrup into the holes and onto the top and sides of the cake.
  4. To Make Cinnamon Syrup: In a saucepan, combine 1/2 cup white sugar, butter, water, 1 teaspoon vanilla and 3/4 teaspoons ground cinnamon. Heat and stir until butter melts.







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